Renewable energy is a separate large area of the energy industry that combines the use of solar, wind, water as well as biomass and biogas energy.
The main difference between renewable energy and other types of energy is that energy sources are not destroyed during use, as coal or peat are, which are nowadays actively extracted to generate energy. These souses are simply gradually replenished or completely restored in a natural way.
The development of renewable energy is of great importance for the future of mankind because fossil fuel reserves will sooner or later be exhausted. According to some reports, within 100 years, deposits of coal, peat and oil may be exhausted completely. Therefore, the development of renewable energy is a key issue for the world today. And by 2040, it is planned to generate up to 40% of the world’s electricity from alternative sources.
However, in addition to the depletion of the earth’s subsoil, there is also an environmental reason why we should switch to renewable energy sources. Since pollution of the environment by hazardous emissions and production waste has already reached a peak level.
And as an alternative, renewable energy sources are safe for the environment, and their use does not have a negative impact on nature.
Production capacity of installations that use renewable sources in the world amounts to 1/4 of the total amount of energy produced at nuclear power plants. If we compare the development of electricity using alternative sources in 2004 and today, its quantity has increased by more than 50%!
More than ten million people around the world use power plants that operate RES. And more than 25 million people in rural areas use biogas and solar plants for cooking.